Pit and Fissure Sealant

Pit and Fissure Sealant

Pit and fissure sealants are thin, protective coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of teeth, particularly molars and premolars, to prevent cavities and decay. These sealants are typically made of resin material and are painted onto the grooves and crevices of the teeth, creating a smooth surface that prevents bacteria, food particles, and plaque from accumulating in hard-to-reach areas.  

By sealing off these vulnerable areas, pit and fissure sealants provide an effective barrier against decay-causing factors, reducing the risk of cavities and promoting long-term oral health. This preventive measure is particularly beneficial for children and adolescents who may have difficulty maintaining proper oral hygiene practices or have deep grooves in their teeth that are susceptible to decay.  

Benefits of Pit and Fissure Sealants 

Prevent Cavities 

Sealing off pits and fissures, sealants create a smooth, easy-to-clean surface that reduces the risk of cavities. Sealants in Pittsburg, KS, act as a physical barrier, preventing food particles and bacteria from getting trapped in the deep grooves of the teeth and causing decay.

Protect Permanent Teeth 

Pit and fissure sealants are typically applied to permanent molars and premolars shortly after they erupt, usually around age six and 12. By applying sealants to these newly erupted teeth, dentists in Pittsburg, KS, can protect them during the critical period when they are most susceptible to decay. Sealants provide long-lasting protection, helping children maintain healthy permanent teeth well into adulthood. 

Noninvasive and Painless 

Applying pit and fissure sealants is a quick, painless, and noninvasive procedure that can be completed in a single dental visit. The process involves cleaning and drying the teeth, applying an acidic solution to roughen the tooth surface, rinsing and drying the teeth again, and finally applying the sealant material. The sealant is then hardened with a special curing light, forming a durable protective barrier.  


Pit and fissure sealants are a cost-effective preventive measure for reducing the risk of cavities, especially in children who may be at higher risk due to deep grooves in their teeth, poor oral hygiene habits, or a history of cavities. The cost of sealants is significantly lower than that of treating cavities and other dental problems that may arise if sealants are not applied. 

Long-Lasting Protection 

With proper oral hygiene and regular dental checkups, pit and fissure sealants can provide long-lasting protection against cavities for many years. While sealants may wear down over time due to normal chewing and wear, they can be reapplied to maintain optimal protection. 

The Procedure of Pit and Fissure Sealants 

Examination and Cleaning 

Before applying pit and fissure sealants, the dentist at Smile Solutions, conducts a thorough examination of the teeth to identify any areas of susceptibility to decay. This often involves assessing the deep grooves and pits on the chewing surfaces of the molars and premolars where food particles and bacteria can quickly accumulate. The teeth are then cleaned and dried to ensure optimal bonding of the sealant material.

Tooth Preparation 

Once the teeth are cleaned and dried, the dentist may use a mild acidic solution or etchant to roughen the surface of the teeth. This creates a slightly rough texture that enhances the adhesion of the sealant material to the tooth enamel. After etching, the teeth are rinsed and dried thoroughly to remove any residue and prepare them for applying sealants. 

Application of Sealant 

Next, the dentist applies the pit and fissure sealant material to the chewing surfaces of the teeth. The sealant is a thin, liquified resin material that can flow into the deep grooves and pits of the teeth, forming a protective barrier against bacteria and food particles. The dentist may use a small brush or applicator to ensure thorough coverage of the tooth surface. Once applied, the sealant is typically cured or hardened using a special curing light.  

Evaluation and Maintenance 

After the sealant material has hardened, the dentist evaluates the sealants to ensure proper placement and coverage of the tooth surfaces. Any excess sealant material may be trimmed or adjusted for optimal fit. Once the sealants are in place, they provide long-lasting protection against decay.

However, regular dental checkups are still essential to monitor the condition of the sealants and ensure their effectiveness. With proper care and maintenance, pit and fissure sealants can help preserve the health and integrity of the teeth, reducing the risk of cavities and promoting optimal oral health. Contact us today!

Maintenance Tips to Ensure the Longevity of Sealants 

  • Encourage regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing to remove food particles and plaque from the teeth, including areas protected by sealants. Proper oral hygiene helps prevent the buildup of bacteria and debris that can compromise the sealant's effectiveness. 
  • Advise against chewing on hard objects such as ice, pens, or hard candies, as this can put excessive pressure on the sealants and cause them to chip or wear away prematurely. Encourage children to use their teeth only for chewing food to minimize the risk of damage to the sealants. 
  • Schedule routine dental checkups every six months or as recommended by the dentist. During these visits, the dentist can evaluate the sealants' condition, ensuring they are intact and providing adequate protection against decay. Any signs of wear or damage can be addressed promptly to maintain the effectiveness of the sealants. 
  • Keep an eye on the condition of the sealants and watch for signs of wear or damage, such as chipping, cracking, or peeling. If any issues are observed, consult the dentist for an evaluation and possible repair or replacement of the sealants. 

By sealing off vulnerable areas of the teeth and preventing food and bacteria from accumulating, sealants help maintain healthy smiles and reduce the risk of dental problems. If you or your child are considering pit and fissure sealants, visit Smile Solutions at 611 North Broadway Suite B, Pittsburg, KS 66762, or call (620) 231-4140 to determine if this preventive measure is right for you. With regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene habits, you can enjoy the benefits of pit and fissure sealants and maintain optimal oral health for years.

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Pittsburg, KS

611 North Broadway Suite B, Pittsburg, KS 66762

Email: clothierdentalappts@gmail.com

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(620) 231-4140